Curcumin Anti-Obesity Agent

Curcumin Anti-Obesity Agent Lowers Body Fat And Reduces Weight

Lose Weight With Curcumin Anti-Obesity Agent

According to World Health Organization (WHO), obesity had reached epidemic proportions worldwide. There are more than 300 million obese adults in which 42 million are children. Obesity incidence is now becoming a major health concern as it may facilitate the development of other diseases.

Obesity is described as a phenotypic indication of irregular or excessive fat build-up that changes health and increases fatality. Elements that cause obesity involve metabolism, genetics, diet, physical activity, as well as the socio-cultural surroundings that characterizes the modern day living. It is more widespread for communities currently in an environment described as long term energy positive imbalance due to sedentary lifestyle, low resting metabolic rate or both.

Obesity is strongly linked with numerous serious diseases including diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, abnormal amount of lipids (cholesterol and/or fat), cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, and increase risk in Alzheimer’s disease. It is also associated with the increase in formation of a cancerous growth that might contribute towards greater occurrence of abnormal growth of tissue in obese individuals.

Plant Natural Products and Anti-Obesity Agent

The interest in plant natural products had brought scientists to the discovery of the therapeutic effects of the dietary phytochemicals against various diseases. The worrying condition of obesity even encouraged researchers to determine and define plant natural products that could function as anti-obesity agent.

Scientific studies on turmeric has been buzzing globally as this cooking ingredient is used in traditional Ayurvedic medicinal practices and modern scientific laboratory researches has proved that its active component, Curcumin possesses therapeutic effect against various diseases.

In ‘Dietary Phytochemicals and ThCurcumin Anti-Obesity Agenteir Potential Effects on Obesity: A Review’, González-Castejón and Rodriguez-Casado suggested that curcumin is a promising anti-obesity agent. Curcumin may regulate the expression of genes related to energy metabolic process and fat deposition thus decreasing the quantity of intra-cellular lipids. In adipose tissues (body fat), curcumin suppresses angiogenesis, which is essential for tissue growth and together with the effects on lipid metabolic process in adipocytes. Curcumin anti-obesity agent lowers body fat and reduces weight.

Curcumin may also make improvements to obesity-associated inflammation along with other metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, and hypercholesterolemia. A different study indicates that curcumin helps to protect from liver injury preventing Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDL) oxidation by controlling the harmful leptin which helps to regulate energy intake-implicated in liver fibrosis.

curcumin turmeric supplementAn ‘In-Vivo’ study proved that curcumin ameliorates some indicator related to diabetes and leptin-deficiency. Curcumin treatment also significantly decreases macrophage infiltration of white adipose tissue, elevates adipose tissue adiponectic generation and reduces hepatic NF-kB activity and markers of hepatic inflammation. Curcumin also induces reduction of adipogenic differentiation by activation of Wnt/ß-Catenin signalling.

Curcumin also directly interacts with adipocytes, pancreatic cells, hepatic stellate cells, muscles and immune system macrophages thus assists in reducing leptin resistance, enhances adiponectin and lowers various inflammatory indicators associated with obesity which includes TNF-a, IL-6, resistin, leptin and MCP-1.

Curcumin, A Promising Anti-Obesity Agent

Based on the evidences stated earlier, it can be concluded that turmeric’s curcumin is a promising anti-obesity agent which also helps in weight loss. This shows that by bringing out the best from nature, we could have the remedies that might be beneficial as protection and treatment for a variety of conditions faced by mankind.

The search for the Anti-Obesity Agent could probably ends with the discovery of curcumin in the spice turmeric.

 

 

References

Aggarwal, B.B. (2010). Targeting inflammation-induced obesity and metabolic diseases by curcumin and other nutraceuticals.Annu. Rev. Nutr. 30:173-199
Aggarwal, B.B., Shishodia, S. (2006). Molecular targets of dietary agents for prevention and therapy of cancer. Biochemical Pharmacology. 71:1397-1421
Ahn, J., Lee, H., Kim, S., Ha, T. (2010). Curcumin-induced suppression of adipogenic differentiation is accompanied by activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signalling. Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 298(6):C1510-1516
Alappat, L., Awad, A.B. (2010). Curcumin and obesity: evidence and mechanisms. Nutr. Rev. 68(12):729-738
Arun, N., Nalini, N. (2002). Efficacy of turmeric on blood sugar and polyol pathway in diabetic albino rats.Plant Foods Hum.Nutr. 57(1):41-52
Cottam, D., Fisher, B., Ziemba, A., Atkinson, J., Grace, B., et al. (2010). Tumor growth factor expression in obesity and changes in expression with weight loss: another cause of increased virulence and incidence of cancer in obesity. Surg. Obes. Relat. Dis. 6(5):538-541
Ejaz, A., Wu, D., Kwan, P., Meydani, M. (2009).Curcumin inhibits adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and angiogenesis and obesity in C57/BL mice. J. Nutr. 139(5):919-925
González-Castejón, M., Rodriguez-Casado, A.(2011). Dietary phytochemicals and their potential effects on obesity: A review. Pharmacological Research. 64:438-455
IOTF.(2012). International obesity task force.http://www.iotf.org/.
Kang, Q., Chen, A. (2009). Curcumin suppresses expression of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor, leading to the inhibition of LDL-induced activation of hepatic stellate cells. Br. J. Pharmacol. 157(8):1354-1367
Lee, Y.K., Lee, W.S., Hwang, J.T., Kwon, D.Y., Surh, Y.J., Park, O.J. (2009). Curcumin exerts antidifferentiation effect through AMPKalpha-PPAR-gamma in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and antiproliferatory effect through AMPKalpha-COX-2 in cancer cells. J. Agric. Food Chem. 57(1):305-310
Marti, A., Martinez-González, M.A., Martinez, J.A. (2008).Interaction between genes and lifestyle factors on obesity. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 67(1):1-8
Morikawa, T., Matsuda, H., Ninomiya, K., Yoshikawa, M. (2002). Medicinal food stuffs. Potent protective effects of sesquiterpenes and curcumin from Zedoariae rhizome on liver injury induced by D-galactosamine /lipopolysaccaharide or tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 25(5):627-631
Naidu, K.A., Thippeswamy, N.B. (2002). Inhibition of human low density lipoprotein oxidation by active principles from spices. Mol. Cell. Biochem. 229(1-2):19-23
NIH.(1998). National Institutes of Health.National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: the evidence report. Obes. Res. 6(Suppl 2):51S-209S
Popkin, B.M. (2009). The world is fat: the fads, trends, policies and products that are fattening the human race. New York: Avery Trade/Penguin Group.
Smith, C.E., Ordovás, J.M. (2010). Fatty acid interactions with genetic polymorphisms for cardiovascular disease.Curr.Opin.Clin.Nutr.Metab.Care. 13(2):139-144
Suresh Babu, P., Srinivasan, K. (1998). Amelioration of renal lesions associated with diabetes by dietary curcumin in streptozotocin diabetic rats. Mol. Cell. Biochem. 181(1-2):87-96
Tang, Y., Chen, A. (2010). Curcumin protects hepatic stellate cells against leptin-induced activation in vitro by accumulating intracellular lipids. Endocrinology. 151(9):4168-4177
Weisberg, S.P., Leibel, R., Tortoriello, D.V. (2008). Dietary curcumin significantly improves obesity-associated inflammation and diabetes in mouse models of diabesity. Endrocrinology. 149(7):3549-3558
WHO.(1998). World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic-report of a WHO consultation on obesity. Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO.(2010). World Health Organization.Obesity and overweight.http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/media/en/gsfs_obesity.pdf.

Lose Weight With Curcumin Anti-Obesity Agent

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