Asthma is the most common chronic disease in childhood, and its pervasiveness have increased in recent years (Guilbert et al., 2003). The triggers include environmental factors i.e. allergens, air pollution, pollen, house dust, mites, food items and other environmental chemicals. Other than that, aspirin, food preservatives, emotional issues, exercise, and breath of cold air or cigarette smoke would also contribute (Tortora and Derrrickson, 2009, p.913).
Curcumin For Asthma Treatment Prevents Airway Inflammation
Asthma is a recurrent airflow obstruction caused by chronic airway inflammation with a superimposed bronchospasm. It is derived from the Greek word for breathlessness and it leads to wheezing, cough chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma sufferer normally reacts to concentrations agents which are too insignificant to cause any symptoms to normal people.
Current asthma treatment focuses on preventing airway inflammation where inhaled steroid is the widely adopted anti-inflammatory medicine (Barnes, 1998). However, steroid could cause several side effects when used for an extended period with high dosage. Among the side effects are adrenal suppression, growth breakdown, bone metabolism disorder and glaucoma.
In this regards, the need for alternative treatment became critical. This has brought researches to the discovery of natural alternative treatment which may treat and prevent asthma with no or least side effects.
Curcumin for Asthma Treatment – Potent Anti-Inflammatory Property
The medicinal use of Curcuma Longa dated back to the Egyptian and Indian cultures more than 6000 years ago. Curcumin is the yellow pigment extracted from the rhizome of turmeric, scientifically knows as Curcuma Longa.
Curcuminoid, turmeric’s active ingredient is rich with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-tumor pharmacological activities as documented in “Immunomodulatory Effects of Curcumin in Allergy” by Kurup and Barrios (2008). Curcumin has also been investigated and reported as an effective anti-allergic for Type I and Type IV allergy, in animal models. Curcumin is also evident to inhibit the production of inflammatory cytokines and the generation of nitric oxide (Kurup and Barrios, 2008; Chan et al., 1998). Curcumin anti-fungal property has also been traced in an experiment using rudimentary extracts of Curcuma Longa (Chattopadhyay et al., 2004).
In another study, Moon et al. (2008) have shown that curcumin may be useful as an adjuvant therapy for chronic airway inflammation through the suppression of inducible nitric oxide (iNOS). Curcumin administration also alleviates the pathological changes in asthma and decreases the fungal activity. This finding further strengthened curcumin’s potential in asthma treatment and decreases the frequency of Oropharyngeal Candidiasis (Karaman et al., 2011). Curcumin attenuates the development of chronic airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness, possibly through inhibition of NF-kB activation in the asthmatic lung tissue (Oh et al., 2011).
Turmeric Curcumin for Asthma Treatment
The evidences from the studies sighted in this article are strongly pointing towards Curcumin for Asthma treatment. With continuous research, more curcumin health benefits will be unearth form this magical spice. This proved that we can rely on natural products for the medication that treat our health conditions without further side effects thus keeping us healthy.